COMMUNICABLE DISEASES -- STUDENT

 

Purpose

 

The School Board recognizes its responsibility to protect the health of students and employees from the risks posed by infectious diseases. The Board also has the responsibility to uphold the rights of affected individuals to privacy and confidentiality, to continue to attend school, and to be treated in a nondiscriminatory manner.

 

Immunization

 

Students cannot enroll and/or attend school unless immunized as required by Missouri law.

 

Universal Precautions

 

The district requires all staff to routinely observe universal precautions to prevent exposure to disease-causing organisms, and the district should provide necessary equipment/supplies to implement universal precautions.

 

Categories of Potential Risk

 

Students with infectious diseases that can be transmittable in school and/or athletic settings (such as, but not limited to, chicken pox, influenza and conjunctivitis) should be managed as specified in: (a) the most current edition of the Missouri Department of Health document entitled Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases: A Guide for School Administrators, Nurses, Teachers, and Day Care Operators and (b) documents referenced in 19 CSR 20-20.030 and (c) in accordance with any specific guidelines/recommendations or requirements distributed by the local county or city health department.

 

A student infected with a bloodborne pathogen such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) poses no risk of transmission through casual contact to other persons in a school setting. Students infected with one of these viruses shall be allowed to attend school without any restrictions which are based solely on the infection. The district cannot require any medical evaluations or tests for such diseases.

 

Exceptional Situations -- There are certain specific types of behaviors (for example, biting or scratching) or conditions (for example, frequent bleeding episodes or uncoverable, oozing skin lesions) which could potentially be associated with transmission of both bloodborne, and nonbloodborne pathogens. No student, regardless of whether he or she is known to be infected with such pathogens, should be allowed to attend school unless these behaviors or conditions are either absent or appropriately controlled in a way that avoids unnecessary exposure.

 

In these exceptional instances, an alternative educational setting may be warranted. In certain instances, a designated school administrator may want to convene a Review Committee. The number of persons on the Review Committee should be limited. It is recommended that members be limited to: 1) the parent(s)/guardian(s), 2) medical personnel (student's physician, school nurse), 3) building administrator, 4) superintendent and/or designee. Local health department officials may be consulted and/or included as members of the review team. If the student is identified as having a disability, any change of placement would need to be effected through the Individualized Education Program (IEP) process. In the case of a student with a disability, but not identified under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, any change of placement would need to be effected through a multidisciplinary team meeting.

 

Specific mechanisms should be in place to ensure the following are consistently done:

 

1. All episodes of biting, and all children who exhibit repeated instances of significant aggressive behavior, should be reported to the designated school administrator.

 

2. The school nurse, and the designated school administrator when appropriate, should be informed of any child who has recurrent episodes of bleeding or who has uncoverable, oozing skin lesions.

 

3. The school nurse, and the designated school administrator when appropriate, should be promptly informed of any child with an illness characterized by a rash.

 

4. The school nurse, and the designated school administrator when appropriate, shall be informed of any instance in which the significant potential for disease transmission occurs.

 

Confidentiality

 

The superintendent or designee shall ensure that student confidentiality rights are strictly observed in accordance with law. Two groups of people within a school system may be informed of the identity of a student with HIV infection on a "need-to-know" basis. They are:

 

1. Those designated by the school district to determine the fitness of an individual to attend school (see recommended review committee membership listed above); and

 

2. Those who have a reasonable need to know the identity of the child in order to provide proper health care.

 

Examples of people who need to know are school nurse, review team members, and IEP team if applicable. Security of medical records will be maintained. Breach of confidentiality may result in disciplinary action.

 

Education -- Student

 

All students should receive age-appropriate information about the prevention and control of communicable diseases, to include the use of universal precautions. Instruction should be incorporated within a comprehensive school health curriculum in grades K-12 as stated in Missouri School Improvement Program Standards.

 

Reporting and Disease Outbreak Control

 

Reporting and disease outbreak control measures will be implemented in accordance with state and local law and Department of Health rules governing the control of communicable and other diseases dangerous to public health, and any applicable rules distributed by the appropriate county or city health department.

 

Notification

 

Superintendents who supply a copy of this policy, adopted by the district Board of Education, to the Department of Health shall be entitled to confidential notice of the identity of any district child reported to the Department as HIV-infected and known to be enrolled in the district. The parent or guardian is also required by law to provide such notice to the superintendent.

 

Review

 

The district shall periodically review its policies and procedures and make revisions when necessary.

 

* * * * * * *

 

Note: The reader is encouraged to check the index located at the beginning of this section for other pertinent policies and to review administrative procedures and/or forms for related information.

 

Adopted: December 14, 2000

 

Revised:

 

Cross Refs: GBE, Staff Health and Safety

 

Legal Refs: 167.181, .183, .191, 191.650 - .695, 210.003, RSMo.

Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. 12101 - 12213

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. 1400 - 1487

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

19 CSR 20-20.010 through 20-20.060 and 20-28.010

 

Advance R-IV School District, Advance, Missouri

 

 

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